This genealogical information has been collected and assembled during a period in excess of 16 years.  The sources of this information are either personal knowledge or listed in the end notes at the end of this page.  The end dotes are annotated in blue superscript throughout the document.  If you click on the end note number, you will be taken to the reference.  You can return from your starting point by clicking on the numbered end note. 

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My name is Robert Gerald Crabtree.  I was born June 28, 1932, in Ada, Pontotoc County, Oklahoma.  Alma Constance March and I were married on June 21, 1951.  We have four children, Stephen Michael, born March 31, 1952; Paul Jeffrey, born October 14, 1953; Phillip Andrew, born April 25, 1957, and Phyllis Ann, born April 25, 1957.  We have seven grand children.  In birth order, Sean Peter Crabtree, Scott Andrew Crabtree, Christina Marie Cassidy, Bryan Phillip Crabtree, Alyson Jean Crabtree, Elizabeth Ann Harms, and Hannah Juliet Crabtree.

My father was Frank Raymond Crabtree, born December 1, 1913, in Coalgate, Coal County, Oklahoma.  He was married in Sulphur, Murry County, Oklahoma, on May 4, 1931, to Mildred Helen Burnett, born March 18, 1913, in Weleetka, Hughes County, Oklahoma. 

His father was Jesse James Crabtree, born August 7, 1891, in Lehigh, Coal County, Oklahoma.  Frank’s mother was Maude Esther Evans, born October 15, 1891, in Konawa, Seminole County, Oklahoma.  In 1891, Coal County was part of the Choctaw Indian Nation and Seminole County was in the Seminole Indian Nation.  Jesse and Maude were married in Coal County, Oklahoma, October 19, 1911.  They had three children, Frank (December 1, 1913), Margaret (November 1919), and Margie (May 15, 1922).

Jesse’s father was John E. Crabtree, born 1851, in Sulphur Spring, Montgomery County, Arkansas.  His mother was Temperence ‘Tempy’ Baker, born 1866, in Texas.  This was the second marriage for both John and ‘Tempy’.  They were married February 7, 1881, in Callahan County, Texas.  John’s first marriage was to Adaville Carnahan (1856), exact date unknown, but about 1873.  John and Adaville had two children, Laura B. and Ezekiel McHenry ‘Henry’ Crabtree.  Adaville died before 1880.  Laura married Raymond Plummer who was 1/8 Choctaw Indian (Roll Card No. 4045).  They lived in Coal County, Oklahoma.  ‘Henry’ was married to Mattie Enloe and raised her son by a previous marriage, Ernest Enloe.  They lived in Folsom, New Mexico for many years where they operated a hotel and dining room for ranchers and railroad men.  They died during the early 1950’s in Raton, New Mexico. 

John and ‘Tempy’ had five sons, Dode, John, William, Jesse, and Walter.

John’s father was Rheas Crabtree[1], born 1816, in Jackson County, Tennessee.  He married Elizabeth Shipman, born 1824, Tennessee.  They were married May 16, 1839, in Hot Spring County, Arkansas.  Their first child was William B. Crabtree (1848), John (1850) was their second, both born in Arkansas.  Their third child, Sara J. Crabtree was born in 1857 in Texas.  She was married in Jackson County, Tennessee, about 1876 to Thomas A. Carnahan (1853), Adaville’s older brother.  Rheas disappeared from the records after 1850.  In 1860 and 1870, Elizabeth and her three children lived in Jackson County, Tennessee, near Buckner Crabtree, Rheas’s brother.  They remained there until sometime prior to 1880 where they are seen in the census records of Callahan County, Texas.  The documented evidence that they are the same family comes from a micro film[2] copy of guardianship papers for Laura and Henry which shows H. A. (Hiram Anderson) Crabtree as the guardian of the inheritance from Ezekiel Carnahan, their grandfather.

Rheas’s father was Samuel Crabtree, birth date, birthplace, date of death and place of death unknown[3].  Samuel married Elizabeth Russell, born 1791, in North Carolina, in Barren County, Kentucky, October 4, 1810.  They had seven known children, Richard (1812), Rachel (1813), Reese (1816), Hiram (1817), Buckner (1819), Martha (1820), and Joseph (1821).  These years of birth are approximated from census records starting in 1850.  Samuel died sometime before 1827.  Elizabeth then married James Hancock.  They had a daughter named Isabella ‘Ibby’ Hancock who married Patrick Rogers.  ‘Ibby’ and Patrick moved to Franklin County, Illinois, from Jackson County, Tennessee, sometime after 1857.

After years of searching, and compiling, I have convincing evidence that James Crabtree was the father of Samuel Crabtree.  There is no absolute proof, however from the 1820 census of Jackson County, Tennessee, it seems apparent.  At this point I will digress to discuss pages 138 and 143 of Ruth Crabtree's The Crabtrees of America.  To anyone reading the book, page 143 should be digested carefully along with  page 138 concerning James (1-1-1-5) and his whereabouts.  James and his family were in Jackson County, Tennessee as per the 1820 census.  Page 6 shows Whitaker, William, and Samuel and page 27 shows James, James, Jr., and John.  Of these six, James, Sr., John, Whitaker, and William are shown in the 1830 census for Washington County, Illinois.  James, Jr. and Samuel did not go to Illinois.  Neither James, Jr. nor Samuel are listed in the 1830 census for Jackson County, Tennessee.  Family tradition indicates Samuel died prior to 1830.  Richard Crabtree headed the family after Samuel died.  The 1830 census for Jackson County, Tennessee, shows Richard the head of a family of 7 males and 2 females less than 20 years of age.

One thing of which I am certain is that Samuel was not the son of Thomas Crabtree of North Carolina as stated by Chester Crabtree.  Extensive research of the Thomas Crabtree marriages and descendants clearly proves this.  I don’t know how Chester came to this conclusion, but it is incorrect.

Chester Crabtree speculated that ‘at least two of Samuel’s brothers moved near Jacksonville, (Morgan County,) Illinois.’  This is shown to be Hiram and William Crabtree in the 1840 census for Morgan County, Illinois.  There is a Mary Crabtree, presumed to be a widow, living nearby, who is in the same age group (40-50)as Hiram and William.  She may have been the wife of another undocumented son of Abraham’s.  We know that Abraham literally disowned his sons and left his estate to his daughter.  He would have been correct  had he selected Washington County instead of Morgan County.

Abstracts from Building Neighborhoods, Jackson County, Tennessee Prior to 1820 by Betty Huff Bryant and an extract from Page 143 of The Crabtrees of America by Ruth Cromwell Crabtree provide the most conclusive evidence I have of  Samuel's father being James Crabtree.  James Crabtree, Buckner Russell, Edmund Garrison, (witness to Samuel Crabtree's marriage to Elizabeth Russell), Rhesa Crabtree, and William Crabtree all lived near each other on Jennings Creek in Jackson County, Tennessee.  They were listed in the 1810 census for Jackson County.  See Abstracts below.

It is more likely, that since James Crabtree and his sons moved to Washington County, Illinois, from Jackson County, Tennessee, that these were the father and brothers of Samuel.  This is further evidenced by a conversation with my own grand father, Jesse Crabtree, who said he had cousins living near Whitesboro, Grayson County, Texas, where several of James Crabtree's, descendants finally ended their western migration.

If my conclusion is correct, that Samuel was the son of James, this connects our family to Ruth Cromwell Crabtree’s book.  If I am wrong, I would welcome and greatly value any documentary information to prove otherwise.

Crabtree Research Procedure

Starting with the known names of Jesse James Crabtree, Maud Evans Crabtree, their parents and their brothers, sisters, aunts, and uncles, a search of the census records to find the missing Crabtrees, Bakers, Evans, and Trammels has disclosed the following:

At the National Archives at Laguna Niguel, California, the Soundex for 1910 showed Dode Crabtree and his wife Minnie and two children, Mary and Laura living in Coalgate, Coal County, Oklahoma.  Dode's brother Walter, age 17 was living with them.  The next family in the census record was John Crabtree and his wife Edna and their two children May and Oja (spelling ?).  Dode and John listed their birthplace as Texas and Walter's was listed as Oklahoma.

This led to a search of the Texas records.  In the 1880 census for Callahan County, John E. Crabtree, age 29 (the father of Jesse James Crabtree) was found living with his brother William B. Crabtree and William's wife Margaret J.  Elizabeth Crabtree, age 61, also was living with William.  Elizabeth's birthplace was listed as Tennessee and her parents birthplace was listed as North Carolina.  John's children by his first wife, (which was later discovered to be Adaville Carnahan), Laura B. and Ezekiel McHenry (uncle Henry from New Mexico) were also listed.

Laura was also found in the 1896 census of the Choctaw Nation of the Indian Territory married to Raymond Plummer.  They had three children, named Joe, Frank, and Raymond.  Raymond Plummer had a brother named Franklin.  According to my mother, that is how my father, Frank Raymond Crabtree, got his name.

In addition to William B. and John E. Crabtree, I learned for the first time that they had a sister named Sarah J. Crabtree.  In the 1880 census she is listed as being married to Thomas A. Carnahan, and she is suffering from a pulmonary disease.  They have two children, Nancy C. and Della O. Carnahan. Interestingly enough, Sarah's birthplace is listed as Texas, her first child's birthplace is listed as Tennessee, and the second child's birthplace is listed as Illinois.

Given the information that William B. and John E. were born in Arkansas, a search of all the Crabtrees in the 1850 census Index and census enumeration sheets (12 heads of families) revealed only one William B. Crabtree born in 1848 along with Elizabeth and her husband Rheas Crabtree, age 33, on September 24, 1850.

The last time I talked with Jesse Crabtree, my grandfather, was in 1953.  At that time I was trying to develop some ancestral information, and I recall him telling me that he didn't know who his grandfather was.  He also told me about living in the Osage country which is north of Tulsa in the Cherokee Outlet country.  I also thought he was born in that area, but Margie, his daughter, told me that he was born in Lehigh, Coalgate County, Oklahoma when it was still Indian Territory.

Getting back to Rheas Crabtree, Ruth Cromwell Crabtree's book, THE CRABTREES OF AMERICA, lists a Reese (Rheas) Crabtree on page 138.  The spelling differs, but the birth year and birth state agree.  More research revealed that this was not the Rheas of our ancestral line.  This person was located in the 1870 census in Whitesboro, Grayson County, Texas.  After considerable research of the Isaac and Whitaker Crabtree line, it was determined that this was not the Rheas Crabtree I was looking for.  However, it is apparent that they are first cousins.

A search of the Tennessee census records for 1860 revealed Elizabeth and her three children, William B., John E. and Sarah J. in the North Springs area of Jackson County, Tennessee.  The 1870 census showed that they were still in Jackson County, but they had moved to Gainsboro and lived next to Buckner Crabtree.

I next found a microfiche of a book entitled The Crabtree's of Southwest Virginia in the Carlsbad library.  It  contained a Short History of the Crabtree Family by Chester Crabtree.  Comparing his narrative with the census records of 1830 showed that Richard Crabtree was living with six brothers and two sisters, all under the age of twenty.  Chester's history accounted for a total of five brothers and two sisters.  I began to suspect that there may have been others not listed.

I became acquainted with Moldon Tayes, County Historian for Jackson County, Tennessee after I contacted the Jackson County Clerks Office for marriage record information.  Since the Court House had burned in the 1870's or there about, the County Clerk told me to contact Moldon, who may be able to help.  Moldon sent some information and some suggestions, but most importantly, she sent an updated copy of Chester Crabtree's "Short History of the Crabtrees" where he stated that "It is thought by some that there was a son named Reese and a daughter named Rilla, or some name similar to that name."

The Church of the LDS in Carlsbad has a small Family History Center and they have helped me obtain several micro films from Salt Lake City which contained the Court Records where Hiram Anderson Crabtree was the guardian of Ezekiel McHenry Crabtree and Laura Crabtree's interest in the estate of Ezekiel Carnahan, the father of their mother Adaville Carnahan Crabtree who died before 1880.

A search of Callahan County Marriage Records disclosed that John E. Crabtree's second marriage was to Tempy Ware in February 1881.  I have the original marriage certificate.  To date, they have not been located in the census records.  The missing 1890 census records has probably been the nemesis of everyone who has ever done genealogical research, but I have not been able to locate them in either the 1900 or 1910 census records either.  Nor have I been able to locate the records of Tempy Ware's parents.  My grand father, Jesse Crabtree, knew his maternal grand parents, the Bakers plus my mother's bible record show her as Tempy Baker.  It is reasonable that she had been married previously and that Baker was her maiden name.

Collected Notes

From The Pension Roll of 1835 in 4 Volumes, Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, 1992 there is a list of Crabtrees that seem to be pertinent to this line of Crabtrees.  These are:

James Crabtree,    Washington County, IL Pvt $20.00  $60.00 VA Cont'l 12/17/1833  3/4/1831  73

William Crabtree, Orange County, NC     Pvt  20.00    50.00 NC Militia   6/17/1836  3/4/1831  76

Isaac Crabtree,     Overton County, TN    Pvt  53.33   159.99 VA Line   12/17/1833  3/4/1831  76

Jacob Crabtree      Lee County, VA     Pvt  33.33   159.99 VA Cont'l   5/9/1833    3/4/1831  75

Crabtrees in Early Maryland


Robinson, Thomas, servant of John Crabtree, no age, deponent in 1655.  Maryland Archives, X, 421.

Good, Edward, no age, deponent 1656 mentions George Sutton, John Crabtree, deceased, and John Ramsden servant of John Crabtree.  Maryland Archives, X, 469.

Good, Edward, no age, deponent in 1656 mentions John Crabtree, Michael Bassey, Goodman Bassey, Thomas Seamer, and John Tennis.  Maryland Archives, X, 478, 485.

                                                                                         Liber    Folio    Volume[5]   

Crabtree, John           Transported 1674                    18         291             21

             Folios 1-387 copied from Liber MM (1672-75)

Standiford, Archibald, (Baltimore County), no age, deponent in 1757 mentions William Crabtree and Don Connally, schoolmaster near “My Lady Manor”.  Maryland Archives, XXXI, 209.

Note:  Transported as used in this sense means that someone other than the person mentioned paid for his passage.  Liber means book, folio means page.

Maryland Marriages[6]






Crabtree, William

Feb 17, 1725

Mary Pyke

2 BA-36

Hays, John

Oct 31, 1727

Mary Crabtree

1 BA-253

Willborn, William

Jan 21, 1731

Ann Crabtree

1 BA-256

Crabtree, William

May 27,1746

Hannah Whitaker

2 BA-195

Poteet, James

Sep 20, 1748

Elizabeth Crabtree

2 BA-197

Pike, William

Jun 9 1752

Mary Crabtree

2 BA-205

Crabtree, William

Apr 25, 1754

Ann Killey

2 BA-209

Crabtree, John

Apr 22, 1755

Hannah (Butcher) Buckner

2 BA-212

Crabtree, Thomas

Oct 23, 1760

Elizabeth Barton

2 BA-220


Parish Registers[7]

Thomas Crabtree, son of William and Jane, born Oct 12, 1707

Grace Crabtree, daughter of William and Jane, born May 29, 1711

Ann Crabtree, daughter of William and Jane, born Jan 15, 1714

James Crabtree, son of William and Jane, born Feb 20, 1716

John Crabtree, son of William and Jane, born Sep 5, 1718

Elizabeth Crabtree daughter of William and Jane, born Dec 20, 1720

Samuel Crabtree son of William and Jane, born July 25, 17__

William Crabtree and Mary Pyke, married Feb 17, 1725

William Crabtree son of William and Mary born, Dec 22, 1726

Elizabeth Crabtree daughter of William and Mary born Nov 5, 1728

William Crabtree and Hannah Whitaker, married May 27, 1746

James Poteet and Elizabeth Crabtree, married Sep 20, 1748

William Pike and Mary Crabtree, married Jun 9, 1752

John Crabtree and Hannah (Butcher) Buckner, married April 22, 1755

Thomas Crabtree and Elizabeth Barton, married Oct 23, 1760


History of Southwest Virginia 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1880[8]

      "In the year 1770, Colonel James Knox, accompanied by about forty hunters from the settlements of New River, Holston and Clinch, passed over the Cumberland mountains for the purpose of hunting and trapping, and penetrated the lower Cumberland.  They were equipped with their rifles, traps and dogs, and the usual outfit of backwoods hunters, and thus originated the name Long Hunters. Although they met and moved into the hunting areas in groups of fifteen to thirty men, the usual mode of hunting followed by what were known as the Long Hunters, in those days, was for not more than two or three men to go in one company, each man having two horses, traps, blankets, dogs, and supplies, a large surplus of powder and lead, a small hand vise and bellows and files and screw plates for repairing their rifles.

They usually set out from their homes about the first of October and returned the latter part of March or first of April.  The most noted Long Hunters were Elisha Walden, William Carr, William Crabtree, James Aldridge, William Pitman, and Henry Skaggs."  [9]More of an Indian scout and hunter than farmer was William Crabtree, a “real backwoodsman,” tall, slender and with slightly red hair.  (William Crabtree was also a scout in Dunmore’s War).

      "William Bowen, David Ward, Rees Bowen, and James Fowler were appointed commissioners to locate a road from the Richlands of Maiden's Spring to the gap of the Laurel Fork of the north branch of Holston on the 30th day of September 1777, and on the same day, John Finley, John Fowler, and Abraham Crabtree were appointed commissioners to locate a road from said gap down the valley to the head of Fifteen-Mile creek and on to the court house."

Loyal Land Company Surveys[10]

Volume I

Thomas Walker, Esq. on behalf of himself and the other members of the Loyal Land Company, presented to the Land Office sometime prior to May 1783, the following list of surveys made for almost 1,000 early adventurers on the Western Waters (VA) under the terms of the Loyal Land Company grant.

In addition to locations on the New River, many of the surveys were located on various branches of the Holston and Clinch Rivers.  (As were those listed below).

Name                                                                                                                 Acres

Abraham Crabtree, grant 1803 to William Tate                                           104

James Crabtree, grant 1806 to Nicholas Reagan                                         373

William Crabtree                                                                                                 98

Isaac Crabtree, grant 1803 to Charles Scott                                                   50

John Crabtree                                                                                                   129

William Crabtree, grant 1789 to William Crabtree, Jr.                          79

Volume ii

May 27, 1774. James Logan, assigned William Gooch, governor’s warrant, 200 acres called Stanley’s cabin which James Shaw purchased of Abraham Crabtree, at a large spring in Pole (Powell) valley at the foot of Clinch Mountain where the new road crosses in Elk Garden and about one-half mile from the North Fork of Holston to include the spring and improvements.

Thomas Whitlock assignee of Charles Lynch assignee of Abraham Price assignee of William Crabtree assignee of Ezekiel Smith, Commissioners Certificate, 400 acres on both sides of Little Reed Island, settled 1765.

Botetourt County, Virginia, Tithables 1770-1771[11]

The tithable list returned during the first two years after the creation of Botetourt County are among the most important records extant for Southwestern Virginia and West Virginia.

A list of the tithables from the head of Reed Creek to Stalnackers (Robert Doak) (Endorsed Jun 16, 1770).

                                                   Name                            Tithables

                                                   William Crabtree               1

                                                   Abraham Crabtree            1

                                                   William Crabtree, Jr.         1

Virginia Marriages[12]

Crabtree, _____ married Mary Price daughter of Thomas Price, Sr., whose will, 1803, Russell Co., VA

Crabtree, Edward married 1790 Patsey Puckett, Halifax Co., Marriage Record

Crabtree, Jesse married Feb 19, 1799, Celia T. Kent by Nicholas Reagan, Washington Co., VA, Minister’s Returns.

Crabtree, Samuel married Dec 7, 1790, Sarah Markham by Nicholas Reagan, Washington Co., VA., Minister’s Returns.

Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800[13]

Volume I

Abram and William Crabtree were jurors on July 7, 1773, in what was then Fincastle County, Virginia.  Interestingly enough, Abram was allowed two dais (sic) attendance as a witness for William Crabtree against James Smith on what appeared to be the same date.  P. 610.

Fincastle County March 3, 1774.  On the motion of William Crabtree It is ordered that his Mark be Record a Crop and a slit in the Right ear.  P. 602

July 6, 1777.  William Crabtree et al appointed to appraise the estate of William Daugherty, deceased.  P. 607.

William Crabtree and Peter Lee appointed overseer of said road from North Fork of River to the foot of Clinch Mountain.  Captains Thomson, Campbell, and Russell to allot hands to work on each road and to make the said road a good horse way.  P. 608.

Volume II

February 26, 1777, Washington County Court.  James Crabtree recommended as ensign of Militia.  P. 958

April 29, 1777, Washington County Court.  On motion of Hannah Crabtree certificate is granted her for obtaining administration of the Estate of William Crabtree deceased giving Security.  Where upon she together with Humberson Lyon and Abraham Crabtree her Securities entered into and acknowledged in the penalty of £200 with conditions the Law directs for the faithful administration of the said Decedents Estate.  P. 959.

September 30, 1777, Washington County Court.  An Inventory and Appraisement of the Estate of William Crabtree Deceased  exhibited in Court and ordered to be recorded.  P. 969.

Abraham Crabtree et al to view proposed road site from the Gap of Laurel Fork of the North Branch of Holston River down the valley to the head of fifteen mile creek and so on to the Court House and make a report to the next court of the convenience or inconvenience of the said proposed way.  P. 969

November 26, 1777, Washington County Court.  Grand Jury against William Crabtree and Katherine Starns for living unlawfully together.  P. 975.

May 21, 1778, Washington County Court.  Ordered William Crabtree and Katherine Starns Judgment for £3.12 each.  P. 994.

November 18, 1778.  Abraham Crabtree accused Alexander Vance & Jean Matthews for living in fornication. P. 1006.

April 19, 1780, Washington County Court.  James Crabtree recommended as Lieutenant in Militia of Washington County, Virginia.  P. 1055

April 18, 1781, Washington County Court.  James Crabtree Gentleman produced his Excellency the Governor Commission bearing Date the ninth Day of May, 1780, appointing him Captain of Militia of the County of Washington and took the Oaths prescribed by Law.  P. 1077.

March 21, 1781, Washington County Court.  Abraham Crabtree served on jury.  P. 1074.

_____________, Washington County Court.  Abraham Crabtree witness for William Crabtree in dispute over land survey.  P 1102.

August 23, 1782, Washington County Court.  William Crabtree and Abraham Crabtree on jury.  P. 1112.

November 19, 1782, Washington County Court.  Ordered Captain James Crabtree et al view and lay of the road from the county line to the nighest and best way to join the road by Jeremiah Harrisons.....P. 1125.

May 20, 1783, Washington County Court.  Bazil Talbot and Thomas Robbins made sufficient proof to this Court that the name in the Commissioners Certificate William Robinson assignee of Jacob Crabtree should be Thomas Robbins.  P. 1144.

May 20, 1783, Washington County Court.  Abraham Crabtree proves four day Attendance as a witness in the suit of William Wynn against Henry Willis.  P. 1145.

March 6, 1784, Washington County Court.  The last Will and Testament of Humberson Lyon deceased was Exhibited in Court and proved by the Oath of Isaac Crabtree and Jobe Crabtree and Hannah Crabtree witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.  P.  1169.

March 17, 1784, Washington County Court.  James Crabtree proves seven days attendance as a witness in the above suit Preston against Walker.

James Crabtree proves seven days Attendance as a witness in the suit Wills against Pike.  P. 1173.

______________, Washington County Court.  Abraham Crabtree sued Brumley.  P. 1176.

March 21, 1786, Washington County Court.  Abraham Crabtree (Plaintiff) sued Belfield Woods (Defendant).  Costs Four hundred pounds of neat Tobacco and fifteen shillings Attornies fees.  P. 1191.

First Surveys of Land in Washington County, Virginia.  Pages 1202-1208






Actual Settlement

Aug 27, 1781

Crabtree, John


Poor Valley


Aug 27, 1781

Crabtree, James


Rich Valley


Aug 27, 1781

Crabtree, James


Rich Valley


May 3, 1782

Crabtree, James


Rich Valley


May 4, 1782

Crabtree, James, Jr.


N.Fork Holston Riv.


Aug 27, 1782

Crabtree, James, Jr.


N.Fork Holston Riv.


Nov 14, 1782

Crabtree, John


Poor Valley


Mar 4, 1786

Crabtree, Jacob


Clinch R. & N. Side Mc Clenahan’s Elk Garden Tracts


Oct 26, 1786

Crabtree, William


Beaver Creek


Jun 24, 1795

Crabtree, Job


S. Br. N. Frk Holston River


Nov 13, 1795

Crabtree, William


Top Flat Mt. &: on waters of Laurel Frk.


Mar 7, 1796

Crabtree, Abraham


S. Side N. Frk Holston River.



Brief Deeds, Washington County, Virginia

Oct 16, 1792.  William Long, acting guardian of John Fowler to William Crabtree. £9.  226 acres on Beaver Creek, a branch of the Holston River.  (P. 279 Record of Deeds No. 1.).  P. 1296.

Oct 18, 1795.  James Crabtree and Rhoda his wife to John Musgrove £80.  150 acres on the southwest side of Salt Lick.  (P. 441 Record of Deeds No. 1.).  P. 1312.

Sep 15, 1788.  James Crabtree of Davidson County, North Carolina (Tennessee), to Robert Worsham. £200.  220 Acres in Rich Valley.  (P. 102).  P. 1283.

Apr 3, 1790.  James Crabtree to Charles Scott.  £100.  200 acres on the waters of the North Fork of the Holston River. (P. 193).  P. 1290.

Oct 1, 1795.  William Marcum and Obedience his wife to James Crabtree.  100 acres in the Poor Valley.  Witnesses:  William Tate, John Anthony, Richard Roberts.  (P. 478 Record of Deeds No. 1.).  P 1316.

Brief Wills, Washington County, Virginia

Humberson, Lyon.  His estate to his wife and sons, William, James, Stephen, and Jacob, and his daughter Susanna.  Executor:  Abraham Crabtree.  Witnesses:  Abraham Crabtree, Isaac Crabtree, Job Crabtree, Hannah Crabtree.  Probated March 16, 1784.  (P. 71).  P. 1345.

The Militia[14]

"The militia system, the concept of a militarily armed and trained citizenry, existed in Virginia for over 250 years.  During that period, all free, white males, except millers, ministers and a few other specified persons, were required to be enrolled for most of their adult lives in the militia company in the bounds of which they resided, and were required to provide themselves with a serviceable gun and other accouterments."


Crabtree, James          Recommended Ensign, Washington County Militia, 26 Feb 1777.

                                      Recommended Captain 19 Apr 1780.

                                      Commission dated 9 May 1780.

                                      Took oath of office 18 Apr 1781.

                                      Mentioned as Captain, Company No. 6, 2nd Battalion., 1885.

Crabtree, James          Recommended Ensign, 2nd Battalion., 70th Reg., in the room of Reason Roberts, resigned, 21 May 1811.

                                      Earlier recommendation not seen, but because of his decease, replaced as Lieut. by William C. Tate, 20 Dec 1814.

                                      (There was a later recommendation that Robert Hayden fill this vacancy, 19 May 1818).

Crabtree, John            Recommended Lieut., Capt. Berry Cawood's Company, 2nd Batt., 70th Regiment., in the room of Joseph Scott, resigned, 18 Mar 1800.

Militia Men

Crabtree, James, Jr.           1st Batt., 70th Regt., 1798, 1799, 1800, 1802;

                                             Capt. Smyth's Company, 2nd Batt., 1803, 1809, 1813, 1821.

Crabtree, James B.            70th Regt., 1825.

Crabtree, James F.            70th Regt., 1814, 1816.

Crabtree, Richard       70th Regt., 1798, 1800, 1801

Crabtree, Reuben              70th Regt., 1830.

Crabtree, Samuel               70th Regt., 1800.

Crabtree, Solomon            Capt. Talbert's Company, 2nd Batt., 70th Regt., 1803, 1807; 1816,       105th Regt., 1822.

Crabtree, Thomas             70th Regt., 1820.

Crabtree, William        70th Regt., 1812, 1815, 1821, 1827.

A List of Early Marriages in Washington County, Virginia  from the Court Records.

Pages 1256-1272

February 19, 1799 Crabtree, Jesse to Celia T. Kent, Nicholas Reagan, M.G.

May 1, 1800                 Crabtree, Gabriel to Flohannah Buchanan, Nicholas Reagan, M.G.

Between Dec 7, 1790and May 10, 1791

                                      Crabtree, Samuel to Sarah Markham, Nicholas Reagan, M.G.

                                      Crabtree, Job to Rebecca Smith, Nicholas Reagan, M.G.

North Carolina

State Census of North Carolina, 1784-1787[15]





Location and Date

Pettey, William

Pg 1, Col 1


Capt Wright’s Dist 1786 Surry County

Russell, Buckner

Pg 1, Col 1


Capt Wright’s Dist 1786 Surry County

Russell, Charles

Pg 2, Col 1


Capt Wright’s Dist 1786 Surry County

Pettey, William, Jr.

Pg 1, Col 2


Capt Wright’s Dist 1786 Surry County

Crabtree, Benjamin

Pg 7


Capt Gordon’s Dist, 1787, Wilkes County

Garrison, Paul

Pg 7


Capt Gordon’s Dist, 1787, Wilkes County


ROWAN, Guilford and Randolph Counties[16]


Samuel Crabtree signed a petition for Anglican Church Vestry in Guilford County, North Carolina, December 1770-January 1771.  Vol. IV, No. 3, Spring 1980

Guilford County Deed Abstracts[18]

August 20, 1771.  John Crabtree, Sr., to John Crabtree, Jr., 100 acres on the east side of Sandy Creek, beginning John Crabtree, Sr.’s. line.  To Crabtree from Edward Welborn who cleared same from Earl of Granville 3 June 1769.  Signed John (X) Crabtree, Sr.  Witnesses:  Semore York, Jeremiah York.

In 1773, John Crabtree, Sr. and many others signed a petition concerning the distance (40-50 miles) the southern inhabitants of Guilford County were required to travel to attend Courts, General Musters (Militia), etc.  Six years later (1779), Randolph County was created from the southern half of Guilford County.

John Crabtree signed a petition for the Court House to remain at the cross roads in Randolph County.  (1785-1788).  Vol. III, No. 1, Fall 1978, P. 37.

Will of Elizabeth (Crabtree) Billingsley[19]

State of North Carolina)

                                            )>         This is to certify that I give and Bequeath to my sons Walter and Bazelle

Randolph County       )           Billingsley my Still that is now in the possession of my Son John Billingsley,                                                                   witnesses my hand this 29th day of Augt ;1782


                                                                                                Elizabeth ‘E’ Billingsley


      Present:     Enoch Davis               Jacob Skeen
                         John Hinds                  John Crabtree

Note:  Elizabeth Crabtree, the daughter of William and Jane Crabtree was born on Dec 20, 1720 (or Dec 13, 1720) in Baltimore or Harford County, Maryland as shown in the St. John’s Parish register.  She married James Billingsley in about 1744-47.  James Billingsley was named as the executor of William Crabtree’s estate.  The will was probated in 1756.

According to Virginia-Billingsley Fletcher, James Billingsley died in April 1776.  Family tradition says he was hanged by Tories in his yard while his wife Elizabeth Crabtree Billingsley watched.  He left Baltimore County, Maryland and purchased land in Rowan County (at that time the parent county of Guilford and later Randolph Counties) on Abbotts Creek, January 29, 1765.

Randolph County Tax Lists, 1785,  Vol. II, No. 2, Winter 1978, P. 19, 22, 23.


Samuel Crabtree

1 White Poll

390 acres on Eliots Branch

James Crabtree

1 White Poll

475 acres

John Crabtree

1 White Poll

100 acres


June Term of 1789, Tax Fees on Deeds[20]

John Crabtree to John White            5 shillings

Randolph County Tax Lists, 1799,  Vol. I, No. 2, Fall-Winter 1977.


John Crabtree

1 White Poll

3 Black Polls

305 acres


Rowan County, North Carolina Vacant Land Entries[21]

January 30, 1779.  #2000.  Isaac Crabtree, 250 acres on both sides of Tom’s Creek, adjacent to William Beasly’s first entry and including the improvement whereon he now lives.  Issued to Samuel Roberts, to Clement Lanier.

March 9, 1779.  #2125.  William Crabtree, 200 acres adjacent Myle’s entry and county line, including the Improvements bought of Widow Elrod.  Made to Charles Hewitt.

November 25, 1779.  #2357.  William Riley, 150 acres on Ritters Fork of Tom’s Creek in fork of same and running up both forks for Compliment.  Made to Samuel Crabtree.

Note:  Tom’s Creek is located in the southwest corner of Randolph and the southeast corner of Davidson Counties, North Carolina.



Clark County, Kentucky

Clark County, Kentucky came into being in 1793.  It was created from parts of Bourbon and Fayette Counties.

Isaac Crabtree was on the Clark County, Kentucky tax lists from 1794 to 1799.  He was in Cumberland County, Kentucky in the 1800 Census.

Clark County Militia[22]

With the creation of Clark County, the 17th Regiment was organized....Isaac Crabtree was a Captain.  P. 241

John Crabtree was listed in McMillan’s 1793 Company in Clark County, Kentucky.

Clark County, Kentucky, Taxpayers, 1793 thru 1799[23]

      Name            Year                     County                     Year        Name                                County

      1793           None                                                            1797           Jonas Crabtree,           Clark Co.
      1794           Isaac Crabtree,     Clark Co.                      1798           Year omitted from book.
      1795           Isaac Crabtree,     Clark Co.                      1799           Isaac Crabtree,            Clark Co.
      1796           Isaac Crabtree,     Clark Co.  

Wayne County, Kentucky 1800-1810

Wayne County, Kentucky came into being in 1801 from Pulaski and Cumberland Counties.

Isaac Crabtree was on the Kentucky tax lists as early as 1793.  In 1801, he was listed with 200 acres on Beaver Creek with 1 male over 21, 3 males 16-21 and 2 mares/horses.  In 1802, he was listed with 200 aces on Beaver Creek with 1 male over 21, 2 males 16-21, no slaves, 1 mare/horse and 1 stud horse, and 12 in a column headed Rates of Covering.  Isaac's son Squire was also listed in 1802 as being over 21.

The 1803 listing is very curious as well as difficult to read.  On page 5 it lists the following:

                                                               In whose                                                                               Mares
                                            Acres        Name         County                  Water Course                    Horses

Crabtree, Isaac                  400             Squire        Wayne                         Beave Creek
Crabtree, Sam'l                  200             Isaac          Wayne                         Beaver Creek                           3
Crabtree, Sam'l                  400             Reese        Cumberland          Illwill
Crabtree, Richard                                                                                                                                      2
Crabtree, Samuel
Crabtree, William                                                                                                                                3

All are listed over 21.  Isaac had 2 over 21 and 2 males 16-21.  The interesting thing about this entry is that it appears that Richard, Samuel, and William are Isaac's first cousins[24] and had recently arrived from the vicinity of Washington and Tazewell Counties, Virginia.

The following year, the tax-list, dated July 6/8, 1804, listed the following:

                                                                                         Age >  16-       Horses
                                                   Acres  County            21         21         Mares

Crabtree, Samuel               300             Wayne                   1           0                 3
Crabtree, William        50               Wayne                   1           0                 0
Crabtree, Richard              400             Wayne                   1           0                 1
Crabtree, Isaac                  400             Wayne                   3           2                 6
Crabtree, Isaac                  200             Wayne           
Crabtree, Isaac                  400             Cumberland

There is a strong indication that Isaac and his sons were staying close together with 5 over 16.  The cousins Samuel, William, and Richard seem to have become established in the County.

By the 1810 Wayne County Census, William had moved on but we see James Crabtree, who could be either a brother of Isaac, but more likely Isaac's cousin, the older brother of Samuel, William, and Richard.

By 1820, Mark Crabtree, one of Isaac's sons, was the only Crabtree listed in Wayne County.

Early Crabtree Marriages in Wayne County[25]

Crabtree, James and Polly Wallace.  Surety, Robert Wallace.  Married January 15, 1809 by Seluparn, Circuit Preacher.  Endorsement: “Robert Wallace, present and consented.

Crabtree, John and Winnaford Gilstrap.  Married September 24, 1812, by Nicholas Loyd.  Surety James Rotan. “Of age.”

Crabtree, Mark and Sally Michaels.  Surety:  Jacob Michaels.  Married April 4, 1819 by J. Jones.

Crabtree, Squire and Cloe Crabtree.  Surety:  Richard Crabtree.  Married March 9, 1807 by Nicholas Loyd, Justice of the Peace.  Endorsement:  Richard Crabtree made oath that he heard Jesse Crabtree, guardian to Cloe, give his consent.

Crabtree, Wesley and Susannah Thurston.  Surety:  Aaron Beck.  Bond dated August 28, 1837.  Minister return missing.  Chloe Crabtree was Squire Crabtree’s 1st cousin once removed.  Richard and Jesse were Chloe's half brothers.


Sumner County, Tennessee

In 1790, Sumner County, Tennessee included what is now Sumner, Macon, Clay, Pickett, Jackson, Smith, Trousdale, Wilson, and parts of Rutherford, Cannon, DeKalb, Putnam, and Overton counties.  By 1800 Smith County included what is now Jackson, Clay, Pickett and parts of Overton, Smith Trousdale, and Macon counties.  Jackson County was created in 1801 from Smith County.  By 1810, Jackson County included what is now Jackson, Clay, and part of Putnam counties, while Smith County had been reduced to what is now Smith County plus parts of Macon, Trousdale, and DeKalb counties.

This is important for genealogical researchers to keep in mind while reading Tennessee references.

Sumner County, Tennessee

       Deed Abstracts[26]

            Indenture 2 May 1791, Robert Weakley, Davidson County and Mero District, to Thomas Simpson, L24, tract on Madison’s Creek near head thereof, being 101 acres, being upper end of 640 acre tract granted Weakley by North Carolina by patent dated 27 November 1789.  Witness: Peter Luna, Jurat Joseph Crabtree.  P. 189.

            2 Oct 1794  John Kilgore 120 acres on Red River, witness William Crabtree.  P. 9

            13 June 1794  Robert Campbell 141 acres on middle Fork of Red River in Mero District of Sumner County, abutting James Crabtree.  P. 10.

            Indenture  3 Oct 1795, Christopher Funkhauser, Logan County, Kentucky, to John Williamson and Ezekiel Cloyd, $570, tract of 320 acres, part preemption on Red River.  Witness:  William Crabtree.  P. 206

            Indenture 3 April 1798 William Crabtree to John Payton, $48.00, tract granted to Payton by North Carolina, 19 Dec 1794, being south side of Cumberland River on Barton’s Creek on east fork of said creek.

           Davidson County, Tennessee[27]

James Crabtree, warrant to 640 acres on Cumberland River joining the public survey of Drake’s Lick.  Crabtree was the assignee of John Brown, who bought from Charles Bowen, June 24, 1785.


Abstracted from Tennessee State Library and Archives Microfilm

Legislative Petitions 1799-1801, Roll No. 1

Jan 1, 1801    This petition seems to be in opposition to a petition published in “Ansearchin’” News, Vol. 16, No.18-69 wherein petitioners asked for a new county to be formed from parts of Smith and Wilson Counties.

Note:  Jackson County was formed from Smith County in 1801 and White County from Smith in 1806.

Jan 1, 1801    Inhabitants of Smith County Living on Obed River state that they are aware that an attempt will be made to consolidate a part of Wilson County with Smith County “for the purpose of accommodating a few designing individuals” to form a new county.  Such an act would be illegal because the intent has not been advertised, and the county has not been surveyed.  They do not believe there is enough space for another county.  Signers are:

Jacob Shipmon

Moses Shipman

Abraham Shipman, et al.


             Another copy of the same petition with slight differences in some of the wording is signed by residents of Smith County as follows:

William Henson
John Henson
John Billingsley
Thomas Billingsley
Peter Kuykendall
Elijah Price,.et al.


             Another copy of the same petition was signed by:

*John Ward
*William Ward
 William Skaggs
 Jacob Shipman
*Paul Garrison (sic)
Edmon Garrison
*James Crabtree
William Crabtree
Samuil Crabtree
Jacob Crabtree
*Jobe Ratliff, et al.


*  The significance of these names is that:

            1.  Edmond Garrison was a witness to Samuel Crabtree’s marriage to Elizabeth Russell in Barren County, Kentucky in 1810.  Also showing that Samuel Crabtree was in this area 10 years before his marriage to Elizabeth Russell.

            2.  Wards (Fork, Jennings Creek), Skaggs (Branch, Jennings Creek), and Crabtree (Creek empties into Jennings Creek) are place names on the United States Geological Survey, Willette (Macon County), Tennessee Quadrangle, NE/4 Carthage 15’ map in the vicinity of North Springs, Tennessee.

            3.  Paul Garrison was listed with Buckner Russell in the State Census of North Carolina, 1784-1787.

Jackson County, Tennessee

            Jackson County Tax List 1802[29]

            Captain Jabaz Fitzgerald’s Company:

            Name                                                                White Poll                                      Acres

         Billingsley, John                                                     0    -                                           1380           2 Black Polls
      Billingsley, Thomas                                               1                                                 ----
      Billingsley, Walter                                                  1                                                 ----

            Captain Joseph Williams District:

            Name                                                                White Poll                                      Acres

            *Crabtree, James                                                   1                                                 ----
   Russell, Buckner                                                1                                                 126
*Garrison, Paul                                                      1                                                 ----
*Ward, John                                                          1                                                 ----
*Ward, William                                                     1                                                 ----
*Ratlifff, Job                                                          1                                                 ----

            Note:  It is apparent that the names marked by an asterisk both on this tax list and the names in the petition listed above were inhabitants of what was Jackson County in 1802.

Wilson County Tax Lists[30]

             Captain Crawley’s District, 1803

156       Crabtree, William                           320                                Drakes Lick
157       Crabtree, Joseph                                  320                                Drakes Lick

             Captain Crawley’s Militia District No. 6, 1804

493       Crabtree, James                                    -------                             ---------------
494       Crabtree, John                                      -------                             ---------------
489       Crabtree, Joseph                                  320                                Drakes Lick
507       Crabtree, William                                 320                                Drakes Lick

             Captain Crawley’s Company, 1805

391       Crabtree, Joseph                                  320                                Drakes Lick
413       Crabtree, William                                 320                                Drakes Lick

             Captain John Presley’s District, 1806

253       Crabtree, Joseph                                  320                                ----------------
290       Crabtree, William                                 320                                Drakes Lick
290       Crabtree, William                                 640                                Sugg’s Creek

             Captain Bandy’s District, 1807

11         Crabtree, Joseph                                  320                                Where he lives.
10         Crabtree, William                                  320                                Where he lives.


Abstracts from

Building Neighborhoods, Jackson County, Tennessee Prior to 1820
 Betty Huff Bryant,

 abstractions from Record Group 50, Early Land Records, Tennessee State Library and Archives.[31].

The page numbers in parenthesis indicate the page number of Bryant’s book.

Bk- Pg.  No.

23-l274-1687 (P. 41)                              George Smith assignee of Jno Donelson assignee of Sterling Brewer assignee of Silas Marshall.  Enters 560 acres near three forks of Jining’s Creek……adjacent John Payton’s… include the plantation of James Crabtree.  10 May 1808.  Removed by Smith 31 Dec 1808.

24-331-3680 & 3681 (P. 49)           Tandy Witcher….100 and 240 acres all on Jening’s Creek… include Buckner Russell’s improvements and building on John Thackston’s north boundary to include William and James Crabtree’s improvements whereon they now live.  July 1809.

27-72-7526 (P. 74)                          50 acres — Garrison’s Lick fork of Jenning’s Creek…..adjacent James Crabtree.  30 Jan 1812.

27-403-8785 (P. 87)                        Rhesa Crabtree (not our direct ancestor, but more likely an uncle)…..On Skegg’s branch of Jenning’s Creek… to include the improvement of where Davis Dickson now lives on.  28 Aug 1812.

28-102-9705 (P.97)                                James Vaulx…..160 acres…..Jennings Creek….to include improvement whereon William and James Crabtree lived in 1809.  21 Dec 1812.

28-135-9844 (P. 44)                               John Payton, Jr. — 100 acres……Jenning’s Creek…..Beginning on Thomas Hutchinson’s upper line.  Samuel Crabtree’s Improvement where he now lives.  5 Jan 1813.

28-170-9988 (P. 102)                      John C. McLemore…..5 acres North side of Roaring River on the bluff of said river opposite Stafford’s field above where said Stafford now lives…..salt petre cave formerly occupied by Crabtree and others.  25 Jan 1813.

29-397-13641 (Pg. 140)                        James Vaulx…..122 acres…..on Jenning’s Creek…..adjacent to Thomas Hutchinson……to include Samuel Crabtree’s improvement.  26 Oct 1814.

28-477-11128 (P. 121)                    Bachel Clark…..46 acres…..headwaters of Bowdine’s Branch….cave now occupied by Samuel Wilkerson , James Crabtree and others.  16 Jul 1813.  Vachel Clark, Locator.

28-130-9822 (P. 99)                               John C. McLemore …..20 acres…..On Crabtree’s Cave fork of Jenning’s Creek where Major Thornton’s Boundary crosses said fork.  1 Jan 1813.

28-91-9666 (P. 97)                          Riggs Pennington…..20 acres ….Beginning Trace Creek of Barron River ….to include improvement whereon Edmund Garrison now lives.  14 Dec 1812.

Extract from Page 143 of The Crabtrees of America by Ruth Cromwell Crabtree

1-1-1-5-2: -William Crabtree, b. ca 1791 VA. M. 1st Mary Lee and 2nd ______ Lee?  According to his son, William in the 1880-census, he says his father was born in New York, but according to his daughter, Emily Walker, he was born in KY.  William was married twice, both times presumably to a Lee of VA, first to Mary Lee, mother of his children and later perhaps to a Catherine or Harriet Lee (we do know that the Lees and Crabtrees were neighbors in Lee Co., VA in the 1780's).  Mary and William were living in Jackson Co., TN when their son, William, was born.  In the 1820 census for Jackson Co., TN, there were two other males and four females listed as children under 15.  Neighboring to William were the families of Samuel and Whitaker Crabtree, both of whom were in the same age group (26-44) as William.  Also in the county were the families of John and James, both in the 16-25 age group, with the Family of James (age 45 and up)   In the 1830 Washington Co., IL census, William and Mary had four sons and five daughters.  They were in the 40-50 age group as was Whitaker, his neighbor still.  Also there were the families of James (60-70), the Revolution War Hero (Pension #S 32195), young Webster, John Crabtree, John and Mary Williams, and George W. Lee.  William was listed as Senior in the 1840 Newton, Co., MO census and in the 50-60 age group with his second wife listed in the 30-40 group. Mary died of cancer, and William went back east supposedly for another Lee wife.  Living nearby was his daughter, Rebecca, and her young husband William D. Crabtree who was her cousin and the son of Whitaker Crabtree.  John, J. G., Whitaker Crabtree and Jessie Tiner were also neighbors in the vicinity of Neosho, Mo.

1-1-1-5-2-1-Samuel Crabtree may have remained near Neosho, MO.- His-niece Vira Skipworth-of Chicago, wrote to William Carroll Crabtree that she had once seen his brothers, Samuel and Joseph.  In the 1850 Newton Co., MO census, a Samuel, age 35, is listed with a wife, Mary, age 20, b. VA. a son Thomas, age one, and two other Crabtree women--Delphy age 28, b. VA; and Luvena, age 46 b. TN.


VIRGINIA SERVICE OF JAMES CRABTREE      S32l95              (Abstract)


Declaration was made in Washington County, Illinois, June 3, 1833, by James Crabtree, age 72, who applied under the Act of June 7, 1832.  He was drafted into service in the U.S. as a volunteer under Capt. Robert Trimble, Brig. Gen. Wm. Campbe1l, about May 1776 and served as a ranger for 3 months in Virginia, defending and guarding the frontier settlements.  St. Clair was Lt. of this Company and Simins was sergeant; he served 3 months tour but got no discharge. After this he was drafted some time in next year for another 3 months tour under Capt. Wm. Bowen, served also in Va.;. the King’s Mountain Battle took place in this tour, but he was left to take care of the sick and was not in the battle.  Capt. Bowen was killed in said battle.  He resided in Washington County at the Big Salt Lick, called King’s Works.  In the first tour he marched to the upper part of Virginia, and in the 2d tour he was marched to King’s Mountain.  He was born in New London, Bedford Co., Va. in 1762, February 20. The record of his age had been destroyed.  After the war was over in 1785, he moved to West Tenn. About 25 miles above Nashville; he removed after living there 24 years, to state of Ill.; presently living in Washington Co., Ill. — two witnesses, 1833, Corcenette Fisher, and James Short.   In 1776 name of his Capt was Trimble and in 1777 his Captain was Bowen, and he was age 72 in 1833.

.  This is an abstract of his pension, the original (in photostat) having been contribute by Mrs. Inez Bouton of Houston, Texas.  Copied from page 119,”The Crabtrees of South West Virginia”, Arah Miller Fritz




It is not known exactly when Rease Crabtree migrated to Arkansas.  He is shown there with his wife Elizabeth Shipman in Marble Township in the Hot Springs District in the 1840 census and they were in the Sulphur Springs Township in Montgomery County in the 1850 census along with their eldest son William.  By 1860, Elizabeth had returned to the North Springs area of Jackson County, Tennessee along with two more children, John E. Crabtree, born in Arkansas and Sarah J. Crabtree, born in Texas.  No trace of Rease has been found since 1850.  Elizabeth Crabtree and her children, William, John and Sarah were in the Gainsboro area in the 1870 Census.  By 1880 they had moved to Callahan County, Texas.  William, John and Sarah had all married by this time.  John’s first wife, Adaville Carnahan had died after having two children between 1870 and 1880.  John’s children, Laura and Ezekiel McHenry “Henry” Crabtree are first noted in the 1880 Census.  They received an inheritance from their grand father, Ezekiel Carnahan, described elsewhere in these papers.  A marriage record for John and Adaville has not been located.  The Court House in Jackson County burned in the 1870’s and many valuable records were lost.  It is estimated that they were married in about 1873.


Marriage of Rease Crabtree to Elizabeth Shipman

BY       Karen Alexander 

Rease Crabtree          }
                                      }    State of Arkansas County of Hot Spring
Elizabeth Shipman    }

                         This is to certify that I Isaac Denton J P solemnized the rites of matrimony between Rease Crabtree and Elizabeth Shipman on the 16th day of May 1839.

                                                                                         Isaac Denton J P

Recorded August 24th 1839                                                                                      Ira Sabin Clerk


Sarah Crabtree, daughter of Reese Crabtree and Elizabeth Shipman, was born in Texas in 1856.  By 1860, Elizabeth and her three children had returned to Jackson County, Tennessee.  No record has been found concerning the fate of Reese Crabtree.

Little is known about this family in Callahan County, Texas other than what is shown on the 1880 census record.  William and John were listed as Cattle Raisers. .  It is apparent that John and Sarah, brother and sister, married Adaville and Thomas A. Carnahan, also siblings   This is supported by Jackson County, Tennessee court records where John and Adaville’s children, Laura and Henry were mentioned as heirs of Ezekiel Carnahan.

John E. Crabtree married Tempy Baker in Callahan County, Texas on February 9, 1881 by George W. Franks, Justice of the Peace, Precinct  No. 6.  They never picked up their marriage certificate and the County Clerk sent me the original when I wrote for a copy in 1992.  Tempy had been previously married to a person name Ware.  She was only about 16 when she married John.  Nothing is known about her previous marriage.  She is seen in the 1860 census of Brazos County, Texas, age 4, with her father and mother, John and Frances Baker.  (See Baker text for more information.)

The missing 1890 census records are the nemesis of any genealogist.  That twenty year gap is filled with bits and pieces, mostly family tradition and a scattering of birth, death and marriage records.

Miscellaneous Notes, Letters, and Abstracts


The significance of the following is that ancestors of the Crabtrees and Hensons participated in the Battle of Kings Mountain.

      The volunteer army that fought at King's Mountain October 7, 1780, puts us in mind of the three hundred Spartans under Leonidas who defended the pass of Thermopylae 2261 years earlier, or of the six hundred who rode into "the valley of death" at Balaklava in the Crimean war.  American history affords no other instance of a thousand frontiersmen coming together of their own free will to make themselves into a volunteer army.  The only equipment of the soldier in that expedition was his trusty Dechard rifle with its accessories, his sure-footed mountain horse, and his pocketful of parched corn.  These men knew little of professional warfare, but they did know how to keep Tories and Indians from their settlement.

      When Patrick Ferguson, England's sharpshooter colonel, sent them word that unless they came on to join him and the king he would march over the mountains and hang everyone of them, they at once declared that they would have a voice in the matter.  They determined to take care of him, and they performed their task effectually.

      Another aspect of this notable expedition is worthy of remark.  The returned soldiers had no time to wait for words of praise and promises of reward.  They had to hurry back by the nearest path to their wives, children, and the old men and boys who were left to protect the settlements from the Indians.  They were just in time to beat off a thousand Indians who were on the march, having learned that the fighting men had gone to King's Mountain.

      At King's Mountain these soldiers had trapped and annihilated a British army more numerous than themselves.  Yet they came near being reprimanded by the Continental Congress for taking the warpath without express permission.  If they had failed there might have been trouble, but all is well that ends well.  So in time the state governments of Virginia and North Carolina and the central government as well gave official recognition to the leaders and men who gained one of the most momentous victories of the Revolution.

      The following is the letter to General Gates, commander in the South in the latter half of 1780, and found in the North Carolina Records.  It was written by Colonels Shelby, Sevier, Cleveland, Campbell, Winston, and Hampton, who asked for a trained officer to lead them.

Rutherford county, Camp near Gilbert Town                                                   October 4, 1780


We have collected at this place about 1500 good men, drawn from Washington, Surry, Wilkes, Burk of North Carolina, and Washington County, Virginia, and expect to be joined in a few days by Colonel Williams of South Carolina with about a thousand more.  As we have at this place called out Militia without any order from the executive of our different States, and with the view of expelling out of this part of the country the enemy, we think such a body of men worthy of your attention and would request you to send a General Officer immediately to take the command of such troops as may embody in this quarter.  Our troops being Militia, and but little acquainted with discipline, we would wish him to be a gentleman of address, and be able to keep a proper discipline, without disgusting the soldiery.  Every assistance in our power shall be given the Officer you may think proper to take command of us.  It is the wish of such of us as are acquainted with General Davidson, and Colonel Morgan (if in service) that one of these Gentlemen may be appointed to this command.

We are in great need of ammunition, and hope you will endeavor to have us properly furnished.

Colonel McDowell will wait on you with this, who can inform you of the present situation of the enemy, and such other particulars respecting our troops as you may think necessary.

Your most obedient and very able servants,                                   Benj. Cleveland
                                                                                                        Isaac Shelby
                                                                                                        John Sevier
                                                                                                        Andw. Hampton
                                                                                                        Wm. Campbell
                                                                                                        Jo. Winston

At the close of the very day the above letter was written, Campbell was nominated by Shelby as temporary commander, on the ground that he was the only Virginian of regimental rank.  During the next two days the leaders picked out the best men with the best horses and rifles, and then took Ferguson's trail 910 strong.  The men on foot ant those with poor horses were told to follow.

      In their rapid advance the mountain men could not spare the time to deal with a large body of Tories forming to join Ferguson.  Passing this force they were joined at Cowpens by 60 men from Lincoln county under Colonel Hambright.  They were also joined by an equal number of South Carolina men under Major Chronicle and by a band under Colonel Williams of the same state.  During thirty six hours the riflemen never alighted but once and then at Cowpens.  They had little to eat but parched corn.  A persistent rain made them wrap their guns and ammunition in sacks, blankets, and even their hunting shirts.  It was necessary to keep their powder dry, even though their bodies were drenched by the cold downpour.  When they at length caught up with Ferguson, they went into the fight with neither rest nor refreshment.

      The battle lasted only an hour.  The haughty Ferguson was slain and his army wiped out of existence, though stationed on the flat summit of a low ridge.

The Kings Mountain Men

Crabtree:        Captain James and Lieutenant William lived on the North Branch of Holston.  William was one of the Long Hunters with Colonel Knox who went as far as the Cumberland Mountains in 1770.

War of 1812 Soldiers Who Fought with Andrew Jackson[33]

Contributed by Molden Tayes, Jackson Co., TN Historian

A scrap book in the Tennessee State Library and Archives gives the names of a company of men who fought with Andrew Jackson at New Orleans.  The names were taken from a diary kept by Amos Kirkpatrick, one of the company.  The company was formed in Gainesboro, Jackson County, Tennessee in 1814.

                   Name                                               Rank                                   Remarks

                   Henry West                                   Capt
                   William Price                                  1st Lieut
                   Caleb Short                                    2nd Lieut
                   William Plumlee                             3rd Lieut
                   James Murray                                Ensign
                   John Crabtree                               3rd Corporal                No 4th Corporal listed.
                   Clement Hancock                    Private                          Killed in Battle of New Orleans
                   William Crabtree                                Private
                   Hardy Russell                                      Private

This company met at the mouth of the Roaring River, November 13, 1814, arrived at Nashville November 21, and were mustered into service at Nashville, November 23.  They left for New Orleans November 24 and took part in the battle of New Orleans on January 7 and 8, 1815.  Jesse Regin, John Southerland, and Caleb Short are listed as dying in service, Clement Hancock as killed in the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815.

Letters and Notes

Names of my Father, Mother and other relatives.
Nettie Crabtree Spear

North Springs, Tennessee

"The above appears as a note affixed to the front of a small tablet measuring 5 x 8 Ski-Hi School Series, No. 7.  It is hand written in ink.

There are many pages missing from the tablet, but a few not written on and then begins my great aunt Nettie's recording of relatives names and those who married and their children.

I have been very fortunate and very thankful that I was permitted to enjoy the many visit{s} with my grandparents, my uncle, my aunts, my great uncles and my great aunts and the vast number of cousins, first, second, and third , for all these people I am very grateful.

For those who have not had this pleasure in life have missed so much.

I shall endeavor to prepare the additonal information for those of you who are interested;  typing it as it is handwritten in ink."

                                                         /s/ Patti Malugen

Names of my Father, Mother and other relatives.

My father's parents and brothers and sisters:

      My father's mother's maiden name was Elizabeth Russel, she was first married to Samuel Crabtree who was my father's father.  Unto them was born five sons and two daughters, whose names were Rachel and Martha.  Their sons were Richard, Hiram, Reece, Buckner and Joseph, who was the youngest and was my father.

      The daughters married as follows, Rachel to James Cunningham and Martha married Joseph Carver.

      The sons married, Richard the oldest son married Matilda White, Hiram married Loucinda Price, Reece married Elizabeth Shipmon, Buckner married first to Sallie Hudson and his last marriage was to Rebecca Hudson, and Joseph who was my father married to Elizabeth Price.  (Last pair my great grandparents.  L. Crews)

      We know nothing of our father's grandparents, as our father's mother and father died when he was small, he was only two or three years old when his father died and was six years old when his mother died.  After the death of my father's father, his mother married to James Hancock, but she did not live but a short while she left an infant daughter, her name was Ibby, she lived to be grown and married to Patrick Rogers and went to the state of Ill.

      Mother's grandmother's name was Sarah Mc Pherson.  She married Lemuel Cherry, to this union were born four sons and five daughters.

      Their sons names were John, Wilson, Carry and Wiley.  Their daughters names were Martha, Tarner, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah, Sarah was my mother's mother.

      These ones married as follows, John married Nancy Odle.  Wilson married Katherine Hodge.  Cary married Isabel Mcado.

      The daughters married as follows, Martha married Aaron Etherage.  Tarner married John Guest.  Elizabeth married Hiram Denton.  Mary married Clinton Plumlee and Sarah who was my mother's mother, was first married to Caleb Short, after his death was married to Edwin Price my mother's father.

      Written as stated by my mother a few years before her death.

                                Mrs. Nettie Crabtree Spear
                                North Springs, Tennessee

Patti Malugen's Note:      I have added a few commas and a few periods.  Most all of this had little or no punctuation.  The additional information is that of her father's lineage.

Lillian Jones Crews Note:      Patti is the daughter of my father G. C. Jones' youngest brother Warner Jones.  Their mother, Mary Lucinda Crabtree Jones, was named for her aunt Lucinda Price.

The above information was obtained from Lillian Jones Crews in September 1992:

The following is a copy of a letter received from Lillian Jones Crews in September 1992:


John Crabtree came from England to Boston early in the year 1700 and made his way to Virginia, settling in Roanoke.

John Crabtree had a son, Thomas who fought in the Revolution and had land in Orange County, North Carolina.  He was married twice.  By his first wife he had 8 children and by his second wife 9 children.

Information from:       Dr. Kenneth Taylor, Cambridge, England.

I tried to contact this person numerous time at (1-919-489-2167), 3834 Somerset Dr. Durham, N.C. 27707.  He never responded.  RGC

I corresponded with Kenneth while he was at the University of Cambridge, but I lost trace of him after he returned to the states.  My last contact was Durham, North Carolina.

Marginal Note:   Kenneth found the tomb of our ancestor Thomas Petty which was near Cambridge (Norwich) England.

(I don't have documentary evidence that Thomas was the son of John.  I don't know where Kenneth got this).  Notice in the will of Thomas - Abraham, Jacob, Samuel, William, John - All have consecutive numbers on Rev. (War Pension) applications.  Where was Samuel?

On reverse notes by Lillian Jones Crews:

Our Samuel was born 1786 youngest of Thomas' first family, as per will of said Thomas, date (1833) of probate tho' will was dated 1824.

1st group of 8 - Hannah, Tempe, Martha, Anne, Abram, George, Jacob and Samuel.  Mother unknown.

2nd group of 9 - Wife Caty (mother) - John, Thomas, William, Peggy, Nancy, Hunter, Hatty, Susannah, and Elizabeth.

Having this letter some years ago, I then went to the Duke Medical Clinic in N. C. in about 1987, where by problem was found to be 160+ allergies.  However, I wasn't too sick to search for ancestral records and, I called Dr. Kenneth Taylor who had no new material on our people.  He descends from a daughter of Samuel Crabtree of N.C. and Jackson County, TN.

P.S.  The Raleigh-Durham, N.C. phone book had many pages of Crabtrees named.

RGC Comment:  I have read the following will that the above refers to and it has been grossly misinterpreted in the above comments.

Will of Thomas Crabtree

In the name of God Amen.  I Thomas Crabtree (Snr.?) of the County of Orange & State of North Carolina being of sound mind and memory do make and publish this my last Will & Testament   I will that all my Just debts be paid - I give & bequeath to my dearly beloved wife Caty all my estate real & personal during her life or widowhood and at her death or marriage to my Children Harrie, Tempe, Martha, Anne, Abram, George, Jacob, Samuel to them and and their heirs & assigns forever - To my Children John, Thomas, William, Peggy, Nancy Hunte,r Hetty, Susannah Elizabeth one shilling each having heretofore advanced them   I appoint my Brother William Crabtree and James Crabtree son of my brother Abram Executors of this my last Will & Testament hereby revoking all former Wills or Testament heretofore by me made   In witness whereof I do hereto set my hand & Seal this 10th March 1826.

Signed sealed published & pronounced in present of us
John Taylor
Tho N S Ha(r)gis

Orange County February Term 1833

The Execution of the foregoing Last Will & Testament of Thomas Crabtree Decd was duly proved in open Court by the oath of John Taylor a subscribing witness thereto and ordered to be Recorded    Teste

Comments:  From the text of this will, Thomas provided Caty with a Life Estate unless she married.  At her death or marriage, the estate, real and personal, would be divided among his younger children of whom, if they are listed in birth order, Samuel would be the youngest.  It it is plain that the older children (by his first wife) would receive only one shilling instead of the younger children by his second wife.  Thomas married Catey Horn March 5, 1807, Orange County, N. C., James Crabtree and Henry Stutt, bondsmen. (Possibly the nephew named in the Will).  If the reasoning in the comment above is correct, then it is not likely that our Samuel Crabtree, who married Elizabeth Russel, is the same Samuel Crabtree named in this will because the Samuel Crabtree named in the Will would have been born after 1807.       Additionally, the children from his first marriage were married between 1810 and 1825, with the exception of Hunter and Elizabeth who were not located in Marriages of Orange County, N.C. 1779-1868 by Brent H. Holcomb nor An Index of Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives by Catherine A. Jackson..

      Thomas Crabtree          to   Elizabeth Campbell, 18 May 1792
      Thomas Crabtree       to   Catey Horn, 5 Mar 1807
      Hetty Crabtree              to   William Hobbs, 27 Oct 1810
      Thomas Crabtree          to   Susan Thomas, 14 Sep 1811
      Peggy Crabtree              to   William Newcomb 22 May 1813
      John Crabtree         to   Phebe Campbell, 1 Feb 1819
      William Crabtree           to   Elizabeth McCauley, 29 Mar 1819
      Susannah Crabtree to   William Hopkins, 8 Jun 1825
      George W. Crabtree      to   Sally Dollar, 9 Mar 1830
      Jacob Crabtree        to   Susan Brown, Jan 8, 1848

Another Thomas Crabtree married Elizabeth Campbell on May 18, 1792, Orange County, N.C., James Crabtree, bondsman.  Although we are not certain, this could be the same Thomas Crabtree. 

Land Grant Records[34]

      Name          Grant No.         Entry Date       Issue Date        Bk  Pg         Acres          Location

Crabtree, William     #823-816   12 Aug 1779     21 Sept 1785    59  19         100                   Head of Mots / Moots /Moots Crk
Crabtree, William    #1346-152  1 May 1796     5 April  1798    98  15            58.5               Waters Stones Creek (Eno)

Vol. XI:            1781 List of Taxable Property, Hillsborough District (1 April 1780 by John Nichols)

             Crabtree, William, Sr.          140 Acres, 4 Horses, 10 Cows        £668
             Crabtree, William, Jr.              3 Horses, 9 Cows                         £352
             Crabtree, Thomas                    2 Horses                                       £159

Comment:  Based on this tax list, it seems apparent that Thomas was at least 21 in 1881, giving a birth date in or before 1760.  Further, it indicates his brother’s name as William (as stated in Thomas’ will)  and his father William, Sr.

Vol. XVII         Blount Papers:

      J.  location 4 -- 400 Acres in Orange County on waters of Eno River; Border:  Wm. Johnston on South and Wm. Crabtree on East; grant no 285. 10 March 1780; remark:  “We have no claim to this land.”

The Federal Direct Tax of 1816 as Assessed in Orange County, N.C. [35]

Vol. 5:               James Latta Assessment:

             Name of Owner                   Residence         No. of Acres           Value

             Crabtree, Samuel                        ---                     150                   $300
             Crabtree, James                   Eno                         100                   $100
             Crabtree, William                Stones Crk              242                   $370
             Crabtree, Thomas                Eno                           90                   $261
             Crabtree, Richard                Flat River                144                   $380

"Abstracts of Wills Recorded 1752 Through 1850 in Orange County, North Carolina"

 Will Books A, B, and C plus 20 pages in Book D, originally published 1957, reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company.

Page 31:

Will Book "A", Page-177    Will of THOMAS CRABTREE     Dated 11 April 1774, proved August 1774.

Wife:                 Elizabeth
Sons:                 William, John, James, Thomas
Daughter:          Mary

Executrix:                      Wife Elizabeth.
Overseers of Will:         Friends Thomas Barton, John Connor.
Witnesses:                     Thomas Barton, John Connor, Elizabeth Connor.

Page 220:

THOMAS (X) CRABTREE           Will dated 10 March 1826, note on back says "recorded February 1833"

Wife:          Caty
"Children:   Harriet Tempe Martha Anne Abram, George, Jacob Samuel" (punctuation as given)

"To my Children John Thomas William, Peggy, Nancy Hunter (?) Hetty, Susanna Elizabeth one shilling each having heretofore advanced them."

Executors:  "Brother William Crabtree and James Crabtree son to my brother Abram".
Witnesses:  J. Taylor, Thos. Hargis

Orange County, North Carolina Taxpayers 1784-1793[36]

Crabtree, James      HD       1788           HD = Hillsborough District
Crabtree, James      HD       1791           HT&D = Hillsborough Town and District
Crabtree, James      HD       1792
Crabtree, Jas           HT&D 1792
Crabtree, Thomas   HD       1785
Crabtree, Thomas   HD       1786
Crabtree, Thomas   HD       1787
Crabtree, Thomas   HD       1792
Crabtree, Thomas   HT&D 1792
Crabtree, Thos        HD       1788

"North Carolina Wills: A Testator Index, 1665-1900", Vol I, A-J, Thornton W. Mitchell, Raleigh, N.C., 1987

Crabtree, Abraham      Orange           1832    WB-H/133 Cty
Crabtree, Charles F.        Orange             1898    WB-I/139   Cty
Crabtree, Elizabeth         Orange             1871    WB-H/50   Cty
Crabtree, Elizabeth         Orange             1868    WB-G/536 Cty
Crabtree, H.M.               Orange             1900    WB-I/186   Cty
Crabtree, James           Orange           1832    WB-E/282  AR
Crabtree, Lurany             Orange             1853    WB-G/40   AR
Crabtree, N.M.               Orange             c1900  WB-I/186
Crabtree, Richard            Orange             1849    WB-F/433  AR
Crabtree, Susanna           Orange             1855    WB-G-106 AR
Crabtree, Thomas        Orange           1833    WB-E/291  AR
Crabtree, Thomas        Orange           1774    WB-A/177
Crabtree,William             Orange             1868    WB-G/543 Cty
Crabtree, William        Orange           1812    WB-D/333 AR
Crabtree, William M.      Orange             1894    WB-I/27     Cty

Bible, Church, Cemetery, and Court Records, Jackson County, Tennessee

Note:  These documents include information about James and Samuel Crabtree's property in the vicinity of Jennings Creek, Jackson County Tennessee circa 1812-1826.


Copied by Maude McGlasson, Gainesboro, Tennessee - 1937

The State of Tennessee, No. 6753

      To all whom these presents shall come, Greetings.  Know Ye, that by virtue of part of Certificate No. 522 dates the 30th. day of January 1812, obtained from the Commissioners of West Tennessee by Sampson Williams, and entered on the 30th. day of January 1812 by No. 752 b.

      There is granted by the said state of Tennessee Unto Samuel Casey, assignee of the said Sampson Williams, a certain tract or Parcel of land containing fifty acres lying in Jackson County in the first District on Garrison lick Fork of Jennings Creek, Beginning at a double lynn and elm, on the bank of said fork and in James Crabtrees North boundary line, running North crossing said creek at ninety six poles, in all one hundred and twenty six poles to two beeches, thence West sixty-three poles to a walnut and beech sapling, thence south one hundred and twenty six poles to a beech and buckeye, thence East sixty three poles crossing said creek to beginning - surveyed the 25th. day of January 1812 by John Murrey, D. S.

      With the heredimanents and appurtenances. - To have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with the appurtenances to the said Samuel Casey, ---- and his heirs forever.

      In witness whereof, Willie Blount, Governor of the State of Tennessee hath Hereunto set his hand and caused the great seal of the State to be affixed, at Nashville on the twenty-second day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, and of the Independence of the United States, the Thirty Ninth.

      By the Governor - - Willie Blount.
      W. J. Blount, Secretary.

No. 6753.

             Samuel Casey, 50 acres, Jackson County, Recorded in the Resters office of West Tennessee.
                                            March 23rd. 1815
                                            D.M. Gavock, Reg.

Fees Paid.

Samuel Casey is entitled to the within mentioned tract of land.
                                D. M. Gavock, Register of West Tennessee.

State of Tennessee)
Jackson County    )    May 7th. 1816

      I, John Bowen, clerk of the Court of pleas and quarter session do certify that Samuel Casey who, is entitled to the within named land has paied into my office the State Tax due thereon agreeable to act of assembly in the case made and provided, given under my hand at office the day and state above.

                                            John Bowen, Clk.

State of Tennessee)
Jackson County    )    Registers Office, May 24th 1816.

      I Abner Hanley, Register of said County do certify that the within Grant is duly registered in my office, Book B. Page 375 & 6.

                                            Abner Hanley, Register of Jackson County.



Copied by Maude McGlasson, Gainesboro, Tennessee - 1937

      This Indenture made this 28th day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty five, between Samuel Casey of the County of Jackson and State of Tennessee of the one part and William Scanland of the County and State aforesaid of the other part, witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of one thousand dollars to me, the said Samuel Casey in hand paid by the said William Scanland the Receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained sold an alien in fee of to the said William Scanland his heirs and assigns forever the following tracts or parcels of land to wit:

      One tract covering fifty two acres being the same more or less, situate in Jackson County and State of Tennessee lying and being on Jennings Creek and bounded as follows - to wit. beginning at a stake Samuel Crabtree North West corner to which are marked, two sugar trees, a beach and sycamore as pointers Running South with Crabtree's line seven poles to the middle of Jenning's Creek thence up the middle of said creek one hundred and forty eight poles to mouth of Garrison's Fork, thence up the middle of said fork N.25, W.26 poles thence North 40 poles to a sugar tree at the point of a bluff thence with the meanders of the bluff or hill South 80 E. one hundred poles to a beach thence South 25 E. sixty Eight poles to a beach, thence South 57 E. to the beginning.

      One other tract containing fifty acres in the said County of Jackson in the first District of Garrison's lick fork of Jennings Creek, Beginning at a double Lynn and Elm on the bank of said fork and James Crabtrees north boundary line, running North crossing said fork said creek at ninety six poles in all one hundred and twenty six poles to two beeches, thence West sixty three poles to a walnut one beech sapling thence South one hundred and twenty six poles to a beech and buckeye, thence East sixty three poles crossing said creek to the beginning.

      One other tract containing twenty five acres lying and being in the said County of Jackson and on the said Garrison's lick fork of Jennings creek and bounded as follows, to wit:  Beginning at a sugar tree one buckeye marked S.C.. standing near the lower line of said Casey's Entry of one hundred acres and near the corner of his field running South Eighty poles to a beach, thence East crossing said fork at thirty eight poles in all fifty poles to the beginning, with the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto, belonging to have and to hold the said tracts or parcels of land with their appurtenances to the said William Scanland and his heirs forever and the aforesaid Samuel Casey for himself his heirs &C. that he will warrant and forever defend the aforesaid tracts of land and bargained premises against the Right Title and claims of all persons whatsoever.  In testamony whareof the said Samuel Casey has set his hand and affixed his seal the day and date above written.


                         Samuel C. Casey (Seal)


In the presents of


Samuel X Cunningham


Atest. James Cunningham

State of Tennessee, Jackson County:

      Personally appeared before me William Gailbreath, Clerk of the County Court of said County, James G. Cunningham, a subscribing witness to the within deed, who being first sworn deposed and said that he is acquainted with Samuel Casey, the bargainor and that he saw him sign the same, or heard him acknowledge the same on the day it bears date and that Samuel Cunningham made his mark as a witness to this deed, and James White being sworn, deposited that Samuel Cunningham the other subscribing witness to the within named deed, generally or always made his mark in signing any writing and that mark is a cross and that he has good reason to believe that said witness, Samuel Cunningham, who is not an inhabitant of this state made the mark between his name as witness to this deed.

             Witness my hand at office this 9th. day of May 1833.

                                William Gailbreath.

State of Tennessee)

Jackson County    )    Register's office, July 28, 1834.

             I, LeRoy B. Settle, Register of said county of Jackson do hereby certify that the within and forgoing deed of conveyance together with the Clerk's Certificate is duly Registered in my office. Book D. and page 480.

                                LeRoy B. Settle, Register of Jackson County.

Copied by Maude McGlasson, Gainesboro, Tennessee - 1937


      Know ye, that, for and in consideration of the sum of once cent per acre, paid into the office of the Entry Taker of Jackson County, Tennessee, and entered on the Second day of November, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Three, and the acts supplemental thereto, by No. 615, there is granted by the said State of Tennessee, unto James Strode a certain Tract, or Parcel of land containing One Hundred Acres by survey, bearing date of November the Fourteenth day, 1826.

State   Lying and being in said County, in what is called Ewing's

Seal     or Talley's hollow, and bounded as follows to wit:  Beginning at Sugar Tree, running thence East Ninty Four Poles to a beech, thence North One hundred seventy and one third poles to an Elm; Thence West Ninty Four poles to a Sugar tree; Thence South one hundred seventy and one third poles to the Beginning, including a part of said Strode's improvement, with the hereditaments and appurtenances.

      To Have and To Hold, the said Tract, or parcel of land with its appurtenances, to the said James Strode and his heirs forever.

      In Witness Whereof, William Carroll, Governor of the State of Tennessee hath hereunto set his hand, and caused the great seal of the state of to be affixed at Nashville, on the twenty seventh day of September, in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Seven.  And the Independence of the United States, the Fifty Second.

             By the Governor.

             Sam Houston
             Daniel Graham, Secretary.

(The following is written on back of said grant)

      James Strode is entitled to the within mentioned tract of land.

                         D. McGavoc, Register of West Tennessee
                         By Hue McGavock, D. R.

No. 6978.
James Strode     )
100 Acres          )    Recorded in the Register's Office of West Tennessee, (Jackson County), December 24th. 1827
                                      J. J. Summers, D. R.
John Halfacre, Of State of Tennessee, White County.


James Strode, Of Jackson County.
      May 15th. 1830 - Consideration - $150.00

      Certain tract of land on the waters of Roaring River in Talley's Hollow, Beginning at a stake at James Young's South & East of T. Young's.
                                            his                                                                his
                                   John X Halfacre (Seal)                           Stephen X Hill
                                        mark                                                                  mark

Richard F. Cook, Jurat,

             Partially proven Fee paid .25 paid.



State of Tennessee)

                              )             February Session, 1831

Jackson County     )

                     Then was the within Deed of conveyance from John Halfacre to James Strode, exhibited in Court, and the execution thereof proven, by the oath of Richard F. Cook, a subscribing witness thereto, ordered to be certified and left open for further probate.

Test                              William Gailbreath Cl'k.

James G. Cunningham,  Of Jackson County.

      TO )( DEED

James Strode,         Of Jackson County.

      November 10th. 1835 - Consideration - $450.00

      102 Acres in Jackson County, State of Tennessee, Jennings Creek. Beginning at a stake Samuel Crabtree's Northwest Corner, South with said Crabtree's line 7 poles to middle of Jennings Creek, and up said creek to Garrisons Fork;  Up the middle of Garrisons Fork, running conditional line between Casey and Campbell.

                                James G. Cunningham (Seal)


             Mounce Gore
             Daniel Lee

State of Tennessee )

                              )       Register's Office, June 2nd 1836.

Jackson County     )

 I, Leroy B. Settle, Register of said County of Jackson, do hereby certify that the within and foregoing Deed of conveyance, together with the Clerk's Certificate, is all duly Registered in my Office, Book "E" and Page 32.

                                            Leroy B. Settle, Register of Jackson County, Tennessee

Ichabod Young, Of Macon County, Tennessee.

             TO)      (DEED

James Strode,  Of Jackson County, Tennessee.

Buckner Notes

These notes are for genealogical reference and do not imply that any or all the persons listed are direct or collateral ancestors.  They were developed during research of the surname Buckner.  William Russell, Buckner Russell's father, allegedly married Hannah Buckner.  Thereby creating an interest in the surname and its historical and genealogical significance.

Gloucester County, Virginia[37]

" It was a Gloucester man, John Buckner, of Marlfield, Clerk of the County, who brought the first printing press into Virginia.  Buckner printed the laws of 1680 without license, for which he was reported in 1682 by the governor, Lord Culpepper, and his further printing was prohibited."  p. 13

      "Members of the House of Burgesses were ... 1718, Henry, Thomas Buckner; 1744, ... Samuel Buckner;"  p. 15
      "Captains from Gloucester known to have served in the Revolution were ... William Buckner, ... ;  Lieutenants were ... Thomas Buckner ..." p. 16

Caroline County

      "There is a long list of men also who qualified as officer of militia during the Revolutionary period.  Those above the rank of lieutenant were ... Major Richard Buckner ...; Captains ... Phillip Buckner, ... William Buckner."  p 187

Census Notes for the Children of William Crabtree III

This series of census abstracts show the wife and children of William Crabtree III, after his death in 1777.  In addition to his wife, Hannah Whitaker Crabtree, five of his known sons are listed, plus his brothers, Abram, Thomas, and John. These brothers are mentioned on page 21 of The Crabtrees of America by Ruth Cromwell Crabtree.

By 1800 these sons and brothers of William Crabtree III had migrated to Orange County, North Carolina. This migration pattern is typical of the way families moved as a group from one area to another in the early days of settling America

The Census data for 1810 is largely missing mainly due to the ravages of the war of 1812.

In the 1820 Census we see James Crabtree, the son of William III, and his children in Jackson County, Tennessee.

By 1830, Samuel Crabtree, the grandson of William Crabtree III and our direct ancestor had died. His wife, Elizabeth Russell
Crabtree, had remarried, had another daughter and had died.


[1]  Rheas is spelled many different ways, such as Reece, Reis, Reese, Rheas, and Rees.  I found our Rheas in the 1840 and 1850 Arkansas census records spelled Rees and Rheas.

[2]  LDS Family History Library Microfilm 0985288.

[3]  See copies of Chester Crabtree and Nettie Crabtree Spears letters concerning Samuel.

[4]     Maryland Deponents, Henry C. Peden, Jr. ©1991

[5]     The Early Settlers of Maryland, Gust Skordas, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. ©1979

2    The Genealogical Journal, Randolph County, North Carolina, Genealogical Society of the Randolph County Historical Society, P. O. Box 4248, Asheboro, N.C. 27204.

[6]     Maryland Marriages, 1634-1777, Compiled by Robert Barnes, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.  ©1997.

[7]     St. John’s and St. George’s Parish Registers, Baltimore and Harford County, Maryland, 1696-1851, Henry C. Peden, Jr. ©1987.

[8]     History of Southwest Virginia 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1880, by Lewis Preston Summers, Regional Publishing Co., ©1903

[9]     Seedtime on the Cumberland

[10]    Early Adventures on the Western Waters, The New River of Virginia in Pioneer Days, 1745-1800, Vols. I & II, Mary B. and Frederick Bittle Kegley ©1980, Green Publishers, Inc., Orange, VA

[11]    The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, 1966, P. 52

[12]    Marriages of Some Virginia Residents 1607-1800, Dorthy Ford Wulfeck, Vol. 1, Gen Pub Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD ©1986

[13]    Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800, Lewis Preston Summers, ©1929

[14]    The Militia of Washington County, Virginia,  Gerald H. Clark

[15]       State Census of North Carolina, 1784-1787, Mrs. Alvaretta Kenan Register, Genealogical Publishing Co. ©1973

[16]       The Genealogical Journal, Randolph County, North Carolina, Genealogical Society of the Randolph County Historical Society, P. O. Box 4248, Asheboro, N.C. 27204.

[17]       Ibid., Vol. V, No. 1, Winter, 1981.

[18]       Ibid., Vol. II, No. 1, Fall, 1977-78.

[19]       Ibid., Vol. IV, No. 4, Summer, 1980.

[20]    Ibid., Vol. VII, No. 2, Spring, 1983.

[21]    Rowan County, North Carolina Vacant Land Entries, Richard A. Enochs ©1988.

[22]    Land of Our Fathers: History of Clark County, Kentucky, Vol. I., A. Goff Bedford

[23]    Clark County, Kentucky, Taxpayers, 1793 thru 1799, T.L.C. Genealogy

[24]   Isaac was the son of William III.  Richard, Samuel, and William are the sons of John, William III's brother.

[25]    Wayne County, Kentucky Marriages and Vital Records, Vol. 1, June Baldwin Bork, ©1972

[26]    Sumner County Deed Abstracts, 1793-1805, Joyce Martin Murray

[27]    Tennessee Cousins, A History of Tennessee People, Worth S. Ray, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD ©1971

[28]ANSEARCHIN, Vol. 39, No. 33, P. 122.

[29]    Ansearchin, Vol. 19, 1972, Pg. 65, Abstracted from Roll 5, Tennessee State Archives

[30]    Tax List of Wilson County, Tennessee, 1803-1807, Thomas E. Partlow, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. ©1981

[31]   Building Neighborhoods, Jackson County, Tennessee Prior to 1820 by Betty Huff Bryan, © 1992

[32]  THE BATTLE OF KING'S MOUNTAIN,  By Katherine Keogh White, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1970, Originally Published 1924

 [33]  The  Upper cumberland researcher, Vol. XV, No. 2, 1990, pg. 86, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association, Inc., Box 575, Cookeville, TN 38503-0575.

 [34]North Carolina Land Grant Records, Volume I, Orange County 1752-1885

[35]The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol- V-VXII

3  Orange County, North Carolina Taxpayers 1784-1793,TLC Genealogy, P. O. Box 403369, Miami Beach, FL 33140-1369, c. 1991

[37]    Twelve Virginia Counties, Where the Western Migration Began, John H. Gwathmey, Gen. Pub. Co., 1979

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